The history of drills
Drills are a useful tool in a number of construction industries as well as providing invaluable assistance in a variety of household DIY tasks. The history of the drill, and its development since its earliest form, has been innovative and profound.
Early hand drills
Hand drills are somewhat primitive in their existence, with the early bow drill models emerging around the same time as the hunting bow in early human culture. This emergence demonstrated the usefulness of the drill as a tool, the bow drill’s main usage being for making fire through creating friction and, following this, they were used for intricate crafting, such as using the technique of boring to make beads.
Following the original bow drills, pump drills were created, which used wooden discs as weights, and which were powered using a handle to pump. The cords wrapped around the drill shaft were wound tight with the movement of the pump, thus operating the drill. These sorts of drill were used right up into the late 1800s, providing a practical invention to people in these eras.
How the drill became electric
Arthur James Arnot was an Australian inventor born in Scotland in 1865, most notably responsible for his invention of the electric drill. Though his original electric drill may not closely resemble the electric hand drills we are familiar with today, at the time it was a state-of-the-art piece of equipment for which he became famous.
The original drill was huge, not portable on account of its size, and designed to drill through rocks. Because of this, it was useful for mining projects, but not for DIY projects as we may use a drill for today, such as putting up shelves. Even with this limitation, the invention was considered more accomplished than other tools available at the time. As one of the first power tools in existence, it sparked a multitude of similar inventions and the pursual of further power tool creation and innovation, with electric tool usage spreading across the world.
Whilst some drills are still powered manually today, the majority – and certainly the ones being used on heavyweight tasks such as construction work – are powered by either electricity or even compressed air; an invention known as the pneumatic drill. A small number of drills, such as earth drilling augers, are also driven by internal combustion engines.
The types of drill used in the construction industry today, or for DIY projects, entirely depends on the kind of work being done and the kind of material being drilled. For masonry and the drilling of hard materials, hammer drills tend to be used on account of their percussive action. For creating holes in the earth for getting at water or oil, drilling rigs are commonly used, and for driving screws and other fasteners – as well as other small-scale DIY work – some types of hand-held drills are used.
Here at Concrete Drilling Services, we use a variety of types of drill for drilling and concrete cutting projects, both large and small. Providing only the highest quality of work that is neat and precise, our team of industry experts, combined with our high quality tools, allow us to provide a leading service throughout the Lancashire area. For more information on our range of services, get in touch with our friendly team today – we’re happy to help with any enquiry.